Plessy vs. Ferguson

By: Sarah Kroth | Plessy vs. Ferguson (163 U.S. 537) was a 1896 Supreme Court case that tested the legality of the new “separate but equal” laws in the South, and probed the meaning behind the Fourteenth Amendment. Homer Plessy, the African American defendant, was a part of the Citizens’ Committee to Test the Constitutionality of the Separate Car Law, which set out to test the … Continue reading Plessy vs. Ferguson

Brown vs. The Board of Education

By: Sarah Kroth | Thurgood Marshall is most well-known as the defense lawyer for the historic Brown vs. Board case. Brown vs. Board of Education was the landmark Supreme Court case decreeing segregation in schools unconstitutional. In 1951 a group of parents, including  Oliver and Linda Brown whom the case is named for, in Topeka, Kansas, at the urging of the NAACP, enrolled their children in the … Continue reading Brown vs. The Board of Education

Thurgood Marshall Personal Timeline

By: Sarah Kroth | 1908- Born July 2nd in Baltimore, MD 1926- Enters Lincoln University 1929- Marries Vivian “Buster” Burrey 1930- Graduates from Lincoln, enters Howard University 1933- Graduates from Howard 1935- Wins Murray v. Pearson, against University of Maryland 1936- Joins NAACP 1938- Becomes NAACP chief legal officer 1940- Wins first Supreme Court Case, Chambers v. Florida 1944- Wins Smith v Allwright; a major win for black voters … Continue reading Thurgood Marshall Personal Timeline

Civil Rights Timeline

By: Sarah Kroth | 1909  NAACP is founded 1925 Ku Klux Klan’s first national demonstration in Washington, D.C. 1948 Truman desegregates the military 1954 Brown v. Board desegregates public schools 1955 Rosa Parks begins the Montgomery Bus Boycott 1957 JFK sends federal troops to integrate University of Mississippi, segregation ruled unconstitutional in all transport facility, military fully integrated 1960 The first lunch counter sit-in begins in Greensboro, North Carolina 1961 Freedom Rides begin 1962 JFK sends federal … Continue reading Civil Rights Timeline

Jim Crow Laws

The name Jim Crow originates from a stock vaudevillian character performed by a white man in black-face. Jim Crow Laws were laws that discriminated against African Americans in public places after the ratification of the fourteenth amendment. In the 1873 Slaughterhouse Cases, just 5 years after the Fourteenth Amendment was ratified, the Supreme Court effectively opened the door for the legality of Jim Crow laws … Continue reading Jim Crow Laws